UTAH MOUNTAIN PEAKS
UTAH MOUNTAIN RANGES
Since the earliest days of European settlement, most of Utah's population has chosen to settle along the range's western front, where numerous rivers exit the mountains. For early settlers, the mountains were a vital water source, timber, and granite. Today, 85% of Utah's population lives within 15 miles of the Wasatch Range, mainly in the valleys just to the west. This westside concentration is known as the Wasatch Front and has a population of just over 2,000,000. Salt Lake City lies between the Wasatch Range and the Great Salt Lake. The range's highest point, at 11,928 feet, is Mount Nebo, a triple peak rising above Nephi, at the southern end of the range. In some places the mountains rise steeply from the valley's base elevation of 4,330 feet to over 11,000 feet. Other notable peaks include Mount Timpanogos, a massive peak that looms over northern Utah County and is especially prominent from Pleasant Grove and Orem; Lone Peak, the Twin Peaks, and Mount Olympus, which overlooks the Salt Lake Valley; Francis Peak overlooking both Morgan and Davis counties; and Ben Lomond and Mount Ogden, both towering over Ogden. They also receive heavy snowfall of more than 500 inches per year in some places. This great snowfall, with its runoff, made possible a prosperous urban strip of some 25 cities along nearly 100 miles of mountain frontage. The Wasatch Range is home to a high concentration of ski areas, with 11 stretching from Sundance in northeastern Utah County to Powder Mountain and Wolf Mountain northeast of Ogden. There is also one ski resort in the Bear River Mountains (Beaver Mountain). Park City alone is bordered by two ski resorts. Due to the low relative humidity in wintertime, along with the added lake-effect from the Great Salt Lake, the snow has a dry, powdery texture which most of the local ski resorts market as "the Greatest Snow on Earth" The Wasatch Range is traversed by just seven highways, along with several rugged mountain roads and unpaved trails. The most prominent are I-80 through Parley's Canyon east of Salt Lake City and I-84 through Weber Canyon southeast of Ogden.
The Uinta Mountains are an east-west trending chain of mountains in northeastern Utah extending slightly into southern Wyoming in the United States. As a subrange of the Rocky Mountains, they are unusual for being the highest range in the contiguous United States running east to west, and lie approximately 100 miles east of Salt Lake City. The range has peaks ranging from 11,000 to 13,528 feet, with the highest point being Kings Peak, also the highest point in Utah. The Mirror Lake Highway crosses the western half of the Uintas on its way to Wyoming. The east-west orientation of the Uintas is anomalous compared to most of the ranges of the Rocky Mountains; it may relate to changing stress patterns and rotation of the Colorado Plateau. The Green River used to flow into the Mississippi River, but changed to the Colorado River by going through the Uintas in ways not fully understood. The south and east sides of the range are largely within the Colorado River watershed, including the Blacks Fork and the Duchesne River, which are tributaries of the Green River. The Green River is the major tributary of the Colorado River and flows in a tight arc around the eastern side of the range. The Bear and Weber rivers, the two largest tributaries of Great Salt Lake, are born on the west slope of the range. The Provo River, the largest tributary to Utah Lake, begins on the southern side of the range and flows west to Utah Lake, which itself drains via the Jordan River into Great Salt Lake. Large portions of the mountain range receive over 40 inches of precipitation annually. The high Uintas are snowcapped most of the year except for late July through early September. The Uinta Mountains have more than 400 miles of streams and 1,000 lakes and ponds.
(Beaver County) Black Mountains, Indian Peak Range, Mineral Mountains, Mountain Home Range, San Francisco Mountains, Star Range, Tushar Mountains, Wah Wah Mountains. (Box Elder County) Blue Spring Hills, Goose Creek Mountains, Grouse Creek Mountains, Hansel Mountains, Hogup Mountains, Lakeside Mountains, Newfoundland Mountains, Pilot Range, Promontory Mountains, Raft River Mountains, Silver Island Range, Wellsville Mountains, West Hills. (Cache County) Bear River Mountains, Monte Cristo Range, Wasatch Range, Wellsville Mountains. (Carbon County) Tavaputs Plateau, Wasatch Plateau. (Daggett County) Uinta Mountains. (Davis County) Wasatch Range. (Duchesne County) Uinta Mountains. (Emery County) San Rafael Swell, Tavaputs Plateau, Wasatch Plateau. (Garfield County) Aquarius Plateau, Escalante Mountains, Henry Mountains, Markagunt Plateau, Tavaputs Plateau. (Grand County) La Sal Mountains. (Iron County) Antelope Range, Black Mountains, Cedar Mountains, Harmony Mountains, Indian Peak Range, Mahogany Mountains, Markagunt Plateau, Needle Mountains. (Juab County) Antelope Range, Canyon Mountains, Confusion Range, Deep Creek Mountains, Disappointment Hills, Drum Mountains, Dugway Range, Fish Springs Range, Gilson Mountains, House Range, San Pitch Mountains, Sheeprock Mountains, Simpson Mountains, Thomas Range, Valley Mountains, West Hills, West Tintic Mountains. (Kane County) Buckskin Mountains, Markagunt Plateau, Moccasin Mountains. (Millard County) Burbank Hills, Canyon Mountains, Confusion Range, Conger Range, Cricket Mountains, Disappointment Hills, Drum Mountains, House Range, Mountain Home Range, Pavant Range, San Francisco Mountains, Swasey Mountain, Tunnel Springs Mountains, Valley Mountains, Wah Wah Mountains. (Morgan County) Wasatch Range. (Piute County) Tushar Mountains. (Rich County) Crawford Mountains, Monte Cristo Range. (Salt Lake County) Oquirrh Mountains, Wasatch Range. (San Juan County) Abajo Mountains, La Sal Mountains. (Sanpete County) San Pitch Mountains, Valley Mountains, Wasatch Plateau, Wasatch Range. (Sevier County) Antelope Range, Fish Lake Plateau, Pavant Range, Tushar Mountains, Valley Mountains, Wasatch Plateau. (Summit County) Uinta Mountains, Wasatch Range. (Tooele County) Cedar Mountains, Deep Creek Mountains, Dugway Range, East Tintic Mountains, Grassy Mountains, Lakeside Mountains, Onaqui Mountains, Sheeprock Mountains, Simpson Mountains, Silver Island Mountains, Stansbury Mountains, West Tintic Mountains. (Uintah County) Tavaputs Plateau, Uinta Mountains. (Utah County) East Tintic Mountains, Lake Mountains, Oquirrh Mountains, Tavaputs Plateau, Wasatch Plateau, Wasatch Range. (Wasatch County) Tavaputs Plateau, Uinta Mountains, Wasatch Range. (Washington County) Beaver Dam Mountains, Bull Valley Mountains, Harmony Mountains, Markagunt Plateau, Pine Valley Mountains, Red Mountains. (Wayne County) Aquarius Plateau, Fish Lake Plateau, Henry Mountains. (Weber County) Bear River Mountains, Wasatch Range.
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