The Largest Country In The World

Russia (Russian: ??????, romanized: Rossiya, [r?'s?ij?]), or the Russian Federation,[b] is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world by area, extends across eleven time zones, and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries.[c] It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas in the country include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Chelyabinsk, Krasnoyarsk, and Kazan. into the Russian Empire, which remains the third-largest empire in history. However, with the Russian Revolution in 1917, Russia's monarchic rule was abolished and eventually replaced by the Russian SFSR—the world's first constitutionally socialist state. Following the Russian Civil War, the Russian SFSR established the Soviet Union with three other Soviet republics, within which it was the largest and principal constituent. With the onset of the Cold War, it competed with the United States for global ideological influence. In 1991, the Russian SFSR emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union as the independent Russian Federation. A new constitution was adopted, which established a federal semi-presidential system. Since the turn of the century, Russia's political system has been dominated by Vladimir Putin. Russia's vast landmass stretches over the easternmost part of Europe and the northernmost part of Asia.[216] It spans the northernmost edge of Eurasia; and has the world's fourth-longest coastline, of over 37,653 km (23,396 mi).[e][218] Russia lies between latitudes 41° and 82° N, and longitudes 19° E and 169° W, extending some 9,000 km (5,600 mi) east to west, and 2,500 to 4,000 km (1,600 to 2,500 mi) north to south.[219] Russia, by landmass, is larger than three continents,[f] and has the same surface area as Pluto.[220] Russia has nine major mountain ranges, and they are found along the southernmost regions, which share a significant portion of the Caucasus Mountains (containing Mount Elbrus, which at 5,642 m (18,510 ft) is the highest peak in Russia and Europe);[10] the Altai and Sayan Mountains in Siberia; and in the East Siberian Mountains and the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East (containing Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which at 4,750 m (15,584 ft) is the highest active volcano in Eurasia).[221][222] The Ural Mountains, running north to south through the country's west, are rich in mineral resources, and form the traditional boundary between Europe and Asia.[223] The lowest point in Russia and Europe, is situated at the head of the Caspian Sea, where the Caspian Depression reaches some 29 metres (95.1 ft) below sea level.[224] Russia, as one of the world's only three countries bordering three oceans,[216] has links with a great number of seas.[g][225] Its major islands and archipelagos include Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land, Severnaya Zemlya, the New Siberian Islands, Wrangel Island, the Kuril Islands (four of which are disputed with Japan), and Sakhalin.[226][227] The Diomede Islands, administered by Russia and the United States, are just 3.8 km (2.4 mi) apart;[228] and Kunashir Island of the Kuril Islands is merely 20 km (12.4 mi) from Hokkaido, Japan.[2] Russia, home of over 100,000 rivers,[216] has one of the world's largest surface water resources, with its lakes containing approximately one-quarter of the world's liquid fresh water.[222] Lake Baikal, the largest and most prominent among Russia's fresh water bodies, is the world's deepest, purest, oldest and most capacious fresh water lake, containing over one-fifth of the world's fresh surface water.[229] Ladoga and Onega in northwestern Russia are two of the largest lakes in Europe.[216] Russia is second only to Brazil by total renewable water resources.[230] The Volga in western Russia, widely regarded as Russia's national river, is the longest river in Europe; and forms the Volga Delta, the largest river delta in the continent.[231] The Siberian rivers of Ob, Yenisey, Lena, and Amur are among the world's longest rivers.  

Abakan        Russia

Alushta        Russia

Anapa        Russia

Arkhangelsk        Russia

Astrakhan        Russia

Balashikha        Russia

Baltiysk        Russia

Barnaul        Russia

Belgorod        Russia

Blagoveshchensk        Russia

Bryansk        Russia

Cheboksary        Russia

Chelyabinsk        Russia

Cherepovets        Russia

Chita        Russia

Dnipropetrovsk        Russia

Gelendzhik        Russia

Grozny        Russia

Irkutsk        Russia

Ivanovo        Russia

Izhevsk        Russia

Kaliningrad        Russia

Kaluga        Russia

Kazan        Russia

Kemerovo        Russia

Khabarovsk        Russia

Khimki        Russia

Khmelnytskyi        Russia

Kirov        Russia

Kirovsk        Russia

Kostroma        Russia

Krasnodar        Russia

Krasnogorsk        Russia

Krasnoyarsk        Russia

Kursk        Russia

Lipetsk        Russia

Magadan        Russia

Magnitogorsk        Russia

Makhachkala        Russia

Mirny        Russia

Moscow        Russia

Murmansk        Russia

Mytishchi        Russia

Naberezhnye Chelny        Russia

Nalchik        Russia

Nikolayevsk-on-Amur        Russia

Nizhnekamsk        Russia

Nizhnevartovsk        Russia

Nizhny Novgorod        Russia

Nizhny Tagil        Russia

Novokuznetsk        Russia

Novorossiysk        Russia

Novosibirsk        Russia

Omsk        Russia

Orenburg        Russia

Oryol        Russia

Penza        Russia

Perm        Russia

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky        Russia

Petrozavodsk        Russia

Pevek        Russia

Podolsk        Russia

Rostov-On-Don        Russia

Ryazan        Russia

Samara        Russia

Saransk        Russia

Saratov        Russia

Sergiev Posad        Russia

Smolensk        Russia

Sochi        Russia

Stavropol        Russia

St Petersburg        Russia

Surgut        Russia

Syktyvkar        Russia

Tambov        Russia

Tolyatti        Russia

Tula        Russia

Tyumen        Russia

Tyver        Russia

Ufa        Russia

Ulan Ude        Russia

Ulyanovsk        Russia

Veliky Novgorod        Russia

Viborg        Russia

Vladikavkaz        Russia

Vladimir        Russia

Vladivostok        Russia

Volgograd        Russia

Vologda        Russia

Volzhsky        Russia

Voronezh        Russia

Yakutsk        Russia

Yaroslavl        Russia

Yekaterinburg        Russia

Yoshkar-Ola        Russia

Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk        Russia